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1. USSR Union Republics 1958 by Kuusinen 1. USSR Union Republics 1958 by Kuusinen
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This image is part of the alternative history series: USSR 1958. For more information see: kuusinen.deviantart.com/journa…
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This map lists all member republics of the USSR in 1958, with year of accession. The territorial expansion of the union during the Second World War witness the total number of republics rising from 11 to 31.

At the end of the war, socialism and the Soviet-type communism was mostly received as liberating and the future socio-political system within the territories in question. Of course, this was not universal, some nations were previous or would-be "trouble-makers" to the authorities in Moscow and thus had to be catered to. Soviet planners were careful to draw the borders between the new soviet republics, as much accurately as possible, along ethnic locations, but still, there must always be winners and losers. Let us briefly account for the main territorial changes within the USSR:

1 The Belorussian and the Ukrainan SSRs respectively acquired land from Eastern Poland.

2. The Karelo-Finnish SSR was created from Finland and Russian Karelia, as well as receiving Northern Norway. Svalbard became part of the Russian SFRS.

3. The former states of Iran and Afghanistan were dismantled and distributed among various ethnic groups. The Azerbaijan, Turkmen, Uzbek and Tajik SSRs gained much territory with the annexation of these countries as did the Armenian SSR from Turkey for their war effort. Formerly stateless groups were also detached from their former rulers. The Kurds of Turkey and Iran  were united within the Socialist Arab Federation and the Balochs of Iran, Afghanistan and India received their own SSR.

4. Following the annexation of Xinjiang in 1946, the former Chinese province was cut in half; the Kirghiz and Kazakh territories were annexed by the respective SSRs, and the rest became the home of the Uyghur ethnic group.

5. In Central-Eastern Europe, they most notable territorial change since before the war was the dismantling of pre-war Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia and the re-bordering of the Polish SSR. The Poles annexed large chunks of land in Eastern and Western Prussia from Germany and the Czechs and Slovaks were separated in single SSRs. Former Yugoslavia was broken up into the Croatian, Slovenian, Serbian and and Albanian SSRs. Kosovo went to the Albanian SSR, as did one third of Macediona. The other two thirds became parts of the Serbian and the Bulgarian SSR respectively. Bosnia was divided between the Serbian and Croatian SSRs. The Romanians were given back the province of Bessarabia from the Ukrainian SSR (previously annexed in 1940) in order to keep the peace as was the Hungarian SSR enlarged slightly from Versailles borders. Greece was reunited with Cyprus, Thrace and the old capital of Constantinople (formerly Turkish Istanbul). The incorporation of Istanbul was as much a strategic consideration for the USSR as a whole, as it was catering to the Greeks.
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:iconatamolos:
Atamolos Featured By Owner Jul 27, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Nice map!

Although, "Afghan" is not an ethnic group.  Afghanistan is actually made up primarily of two distinct ethno-linguistic groups which comprise appx 85% of the population: the Pashtun people who speak Pashto (35%), and the Hazara people (50%) who speak Persian (along with Uzbek, Turkmen, and Balochi minorities making up most of the remaining 15%).

Here's a map showing the linguistic groups:  hormozgan96.files.wordpress.co…
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:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Jun 13, 2014
How to you make the map look so old?
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:iconrogueleader1000:
RogueLeader1000 Featured By Owner Apr 21, 2014
The nightmares of the Cold War era United States, in map form! Pretty good.
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:icondafreak47:
DaFreak47 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014  Student Digital Artist
Great idea. The only thing I personally would do differently is some of the names.

Mongol SSR
Baloch SSR
Slovak SSR
Slovene SSR
Serb SSR (optional)
Croat SSR (optional)
Bulgar SSR (this one I would probably just leave as is)

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:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014  Hobbyist
Right! Slovak vs. slovakian, I never seem do get it right! :)  I agree with you on the Mongol one, its just that the others sound so strange. In any case, we have precedents from the real USSR where they did the same by using Azerbaijan SSR in english instead of Azer SSR. Or maybe I'm lost in translation ;)
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:icondafreak47:
DaFreak47 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014  Student Digital Artist
Yeah I don't really understand the naming of Azerbaijan. Baloch SSR, Mongol SSR, and Slovak SSR are the definite ones. I only say Slovene, Croat, and Serb because those are the obvious ethnic groups, but not demonyms so doesn't make complete sense.
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:icondarklord86:
darklord86 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014
Cool!
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:iconpg-1987:
PG-1987 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014
Very good map.

Why did the Ukrainan SSR get the Crimean ASSR/Oblast this time?
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:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014  Hobbyist
For similar reasons as in our timeline. During the war, Crimea was not occupied by the Germans, however, the Tatar population began an uprising when Turkey joined the war, hoping to aid the Axis powers in their invasion, west and southeast of Crimea. As Stalin did in OTL, he deported the Tatars after the war as a punishment, rendering the Crimean ASSR purposeless.

The Ukraine had been trouble-makers for the authorities in Moscow before and during the war. The decision was taken to award the Ukrainian SSR with this territory in 1953, using similar strategies as were used for other trouble-making nationalities in the hugely extended union. But it was also a sign of a new era of friendship and trust between the post-war, post-Stalin leadership in the Kremlin and the local authorities in Kiev. After the victory in the war, the Ukrainian SSR, did become a "first-class" republic, setting the example for and dominating the newcomers. The same was the case for the pre-war Soviet nations in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Of course, that is not to say that this development threatened the status and power of Moscow/Russia and the Russians all that much.
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:iconpg-1987:
PG-1987 Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2014
That does not seem fair.
The Ukraine has already gotten the southern part of Poland's old Kresy and the CSSR's
Carpathian Ruthenia. It does not deserve the Crimea where Ukrainians are just a minority.

Why is the Ukraine always asking for a special treatment?
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