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2. USSR Territorial Expansion 1939-1951 by Kuusinen 2. USSR Territorial Expansion 1939-1951 by Kuusinen
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This image is part of the alternative history series: USSR 1958. For more information see: kuusinen.deviantart.com/journa…
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This map depicts the territorial evolution of the Soviet Union since the beginning of the Second World War in 1939. Let us briefly account for the four stages of expansion:

1. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact 1939-1940: The treaty between the USSR and Germany, signed in August 1939, contained secret articles containing the division of Eastern Europe into respective spheres of influence. Following the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland, the USSR annexed Eastern Poland to the Ukrainian and Belorussian soviet republics. Over the course of the following months the USSR manipulated the Baltic States into its sphere through Treaties of Friendship and Cooperation, eventually incorporating them altogether into the USSR.

2. Berlin Peace Conference 1941: Following German and Soviet victories over the Allies in 1940, the world war was temporarily put to an end in February 1941. At the Berlin Peace Conference in March, the victorious powers dictated a new order in Europe and Asia, in which the Western Powers and Germany recognized the accession of Finland, the Norwegian province of Finnmark, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan west of the Indus river, into the USSR.

3. The Treaty of Tashkent 1946: Following Soviet victories in the Soviet-German War, the Empire of Japan concluded diplomatic and economic deals with the USSR, allowing for a continuation of Japanese expansion in East Asia. The USSR and the Empire of Japan agreed to a division of China, in which Japan recognized Soviet influence in the Chinese province of Xingjiang. Xingijang, Mongolia and the Republic of Tuva had been within the Soviet sphere of influence for many years, and in 1946, the Treaty of Tashkent invited the three states to join the USSR as soviet republics.

4. The Second World Congress of the Socialist World Republic 1951: After Soviet victory in the Second World War in 1948, socialism and Soviet-type communism was established in each corner of Soviet occupied Europe. The Socialist World Republic (SWR) was founded in Moscow in 1949, and was an international community of socialist states aiming for economic and military cooperation and integration. At the SWR Second World Congress in Moscow in 1951, the leaders of the soviet republics in Europe agreed to consolidate into three federations. As a result, the soviet republics of pre-war Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Albania and Greece, joined the USSR.
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:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Jun 16, 2014
How do you make the maps look soooo good?
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:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner Jun 16, 2014  Hobbyist
Thanks! I guess it's training like everything else :)
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:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Jun 17, 2014
but did you use an old map to do this?
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:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2014  Hobbyist
Yes, I used an old map as a base. You can see the remnants of the original map on the edges.
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:iconserge2nd:
Serge2nd Featured By Owner Mar 6, 2014
Ура, и Кипр наш, и Иран наш! Пляжи свои, хна своя, финики свои -живи да радуйся! Если ещё и все русский освоят, то можно идти дальше!
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:iconolvideminombre:
Olvideminombre Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2014
Impressive but I must ask how the Soviets intend to stay united in the long term? I'm sure that not everyone will stay content with an empire run by Moscow forever. Maybe not the spectacular collapse of communism in 89, but perhaps cracks in different places. The 60's in the West (Britain and Americas) the South (Africa) and the East (Un-Soviet Asia) is definitely a place of strangeness. Curious to see how Muslims/Arab Nationalists/ Former Monarchists continue to interact in the Arab Federation (along with druze, alawites, jews, coptics, syriacs, kurds, assyrians, and so on)
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:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner May 23, 2014  Hobbyist
You are absolutely right on the fact that such an empire is unmanageable in the Stalinist and Neo-stalinist form we know from OTL. As to how and why this empire of the 1950s developes in the future is unknown to contemporaries. My guess is that it either breaks up peacefully and maturely, or violently.
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:iconk-haderach:
K-Haderach Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2014
Again, absolutely outstanding! :) I'm trying to think of some constructive criticism to offer, but the map is excellent, the alternate history is solid and plausible... so I can't think of much to say beyond "great job, give us more!"

Well, ok, maybe there is one small bit that could still be improved: those post-war borders in Eastern Europe are identical to OTL borders, although there is no particular reason why they should be. For instance, Poland looks exactly the same as in OTL, and the eastern border of Germany is the Oder-Neisse line. Yet the post-war borders in this timeline were drawn under radically different conditions than those in OTL, so it is only by coincidence that they could end up exactly the same.

Of course, there is nothing wrong with coincidence, so the map is perfectly fine the way it is. But you could have more fun inventing new borders. ;)
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:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2014  Hobbyist
That's a totally valid concern of yours K-Haderach, and a well received criticism. I thought about it myself too. Lets just say that the Oder-Niesse line is no coincidence at all. If they thought of it as plausible in our timeline (regarding nationalities and as a way to punish Germany) they could have thought of it in this one, and they did. :)

No nation suffered more at the hands of Nazi-Germany than the Poles did. And the Poles too did have strong partisan groups against the Germans who would and could make trouble for the Russians. They also carried with them strong resentment towards the Soviets because they were took part in nvading Poland in 1939. So when building the empire, Moscow had to cater to the Poles in order to keep them happy, so that they would not feel conquered, but liberated. When Germany was defeated and the new borders were drawn in Europe, the Russians dictated that the borders of Germany and Poland (and later the UES and the USSR) would be the Oder-Niesse line, as to limit Germany's capability to wage an aggressive war in the future, and in order to pay the Poles back for their lost territories. This was the same strategy used on the Finns, the Hungarians, the Greeks, the Armenians, the Azers and the Central-Asian nations, the usual trouble-makers and would-be troublemakers for Moscow. (Just look at the 1958 borders and the 1936 borders).

No empire is ruled only by brute force, local authorities were important allies for the Russians. Lets also not forget that socialism and the Soviet Union was not considered evil conquerors in Central-Eastern Europe at all at the end of the war (assuming so is thinking anachronistically, contained from OTL), however, like mentioned above, the Poles (and the Finns and the Baltic nations) did have a slightly different experience, and thus must be catered to.
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:iconrus-storm:
Rus-Storm Featured By Owner Feb 8, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
That's the Real USSR! I salute you! 
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